While output oriented evaluation techniques are based on actual data gathered about a policy at a post-implementation stage, Output Assessment Tools (OATs) at the formulation stage are more speculative and prospective as they provide a way to quantify or measure the impact of the public policy attribute previously identified. Likewise Attribute Ranking Tools, OATs also facilitate policy choices and structure decision-making at the formulation stage.
OECD (2010) Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results Based Management. http://www.oecd.org/development/peer-reviews/2754804.pdf
Laura A. Reese and David Fasenfest. (2003). Planning for Development: An Assessment of the Economic Development District Planning Process. Economic Development 17: 264-279 pp.