Revision for “Evaluation Tools” created on April 29, 2014 @ 07:34:36

Evaluation Tools
Policy evaluation broadly refers to all the activities carried out by several state and societal actors to determine how a policy has performed in practice and to estimate its likely future performance. Outcomes of these evaluations feed back into the policy processes with the intention of refining policy design and implementation, conducting policy reforms or even policy termination in some cases (Xun et al, 2010). Vedung (2013) suggests that policy evaluation is the “careful assessment of the merit, worth, and value of organization, content, administration, output, and effects of ongoing or finished government interventions, which is intended to play a role in future, practical action situations”. Vedung also highlights six models for policy evaluation. Three of these, goal attainment model, side-effects model and relevance model use merit criteria based on the policy intervention itself. The other three models, the client-oriented model, stakeholder model and collegial model are actor models, i.e. their criteria of evaluation is derived from relevant ‘actors’ or stakeholders.

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<strong>Vedung’s Six Models:</strong>

<a title="Goal-attainment model (effectiveness model)" href="">Goal-attainment model (effectiveness model)</a>

<a title="Collegial model" href="">Collegial model</a>

<a title="Stakeholder model" href="">Stakeholder model</a>

<a title="Client-oriented model" href="">Client-oriented model</a>

<a title="Relevance model" href="">Relevance model</a>

<a title="Side-effects model" href="">Side-effects model</a>


<strong>Patton and Sawicki’s Approaches:</strong>

<a title="Before-and-After Comparisons" href="">Before-and-After Comparisons</a>

<a title="With-and-Without comparisons" href="">With-and-Without Comparisons</a>

<a title="Actual-versus-Planned Performance Comparisons" href="">Actual-versus-Planned Performance Comparisons</a>

<a title="Experimental Models" href="">Experimental Models</a>

<a title="Quasi-Experimental Models" href="">Quasi-Experimental Models</a>

<a title="Cost-Oriented Evaluation Approaches" href="">Cost-Oriented Approaches</a>

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