Substantive organizational instruments

There are many types of substantive instruments which rely for their effectiveness
upon the organizational resources of governments. All involve (and rely primarily)
on the use of government personnel to achieve government goals, usually
operating in structures created and controlled by governments. Most of these are
‘direct’ government organizations, but can also include ‘indirect’ or quasi- or parastatal ones; the best known example of which is the state-owned or ‘public
enterprise’ – which itself comes in many shapes, sizes, colours and flavours.